In 2017, the U.S. unemployment rate in Philadelphia rose to 7.3 percent, from 6.9 percent in 2016.
But while Philadelphia is a big, blue city, the unemployment rate for black residents was just 5.9%, up from 5.8 percent in 2020, according to data compiled by the Census Bureau.
For African-Americans, unemployment has fallen from 8.3% in 2020 to 6.4% in 2017, and the unemployment rates for Latinos and whites are both at 5.3%, compared with 5.2% in the past two years.
The Census Bureau’s data show that black workers with a high school diploma or less made up 13.4 percent of the workforce in Philadelphia in 2017.
For African-American workers with more than a high-school diploma, the share of the population that had a college degree was 18.6 percent, up from 15.1 percent in the previous year.
The Census data are available online at www.census.gov/news-events/news/2017/august/us-unemployment-rates.aspx.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics also reports that black men with a bachelor’s degree made up 10.3 percentage points of the labor force in 2017 compared with 9.2 percentage points in 2020.
That’s due to more men earning a bachelor degree than women earning a college graduate degree.
Black men with less than a bachelor of arts degree made a higher share of employment in 2017 than they did in 2020 and are now the majority of employment.
In 2017 they made up 15.5 percent of total employment, compared with 15.3 million men in 2020 who were employed in this category.
A high school degree was not required for entry into the labor market in 2017 in Philadelphia, though the Census data show more than 70 percent of black men in the city had a high college diploma or higher in 2017 while nearly 40 percent of all white men had a bachelor or master’s degree.
For black men without a high schools diploma, black men made up more than 20 percent of workers in the labor sector, up slightly from 16.7 percent in 2017 and 18.3 per cent in 2020.(AP Photo/Brett Kelman)For black women without a college education, the employment rate among the labor workforce in 2017 was 20.2 percent, compared to 18.8 per cent last year.
Among white women without an education, that rate was 14.7 per cent, compared the 2020 rate of 14.4 per cent.
The black unemployment rate fell from 9.6 to 7 percent in Philadelphia as of the end of 2017, according a Census Bureau report released Monday.
It was the lowest level since 2008.
As of the second quarter of 2017 the Philadelphia labor force was 1.9 million people, up 2.4 million from the first quarter of the year.
The labor force participation rate was 77.7%, up 2 percentage points from the second half of 2016.
The Philadelphia labor market is considered diverse and highly educated, with a wide variety of occupations.
In 2018, the Census reported that white people in Philadelphia make up 20.3 % of the city’s labor force while black people make up 12.7 % of its workforce.
Hispanic and Asian people made up 9.5 % of labor force members, while Asian and Native American people made a little more than 2 % of workers.
On average, the white people make $44,600 per year while the black people earn $53,400, according the Census.
The unemployment rate among women in Philadelphia was 5.7% in 2018, compared as of May to 9.1% in 2016 and 7.9% in 2021.
Black women make up about 9.3%.
The Philadelphia city government says the unemployment numbers are not adjusted to account for population changes.
The city has a population of 2.5 million people.
Philadelphia’s unemployment rate is the lowest among the nation’s 50 largest cities, according as of a report by the Economic Policy Institute.
The economic development agency, which was founded in 1965, provides analysis of economic issues and offers policy recommendations.